Then there is this – Existence Theorems

Existence Theorems An existence theorem is a theorem that says, if the hypotheses are met, that something, usually a number, must exist. For example, the Mean Value Theorem is an existence theorem: If a function f is defined on the closed interval [a, b] and differentiable on the open interval (a, b), then there exists…

Y the FTC?

So, you’ve finally proven the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus and have written on the board: And the students ask, “What good is that?” and “When are we ever going to use that?” Here’s your answer. There are two very important uses of this theorem. First, in words the theorem says that “the integral of a…

Riemann Sums – the Theory

The series of post leads up to the Fundamental theorem of Calculus (FTC). Obviously, a very important destination. Working Towards Riemann Sums Definition of the Definite Integral and the FTC – a more exact demonstration from last Friday’s post and The Fundamental Theorem of Calculus –  an older demonstration More about the FTC The derivative of a function…

The Definite Integral and the FTC

The Definition of the Definite Integral. The definition of the definite integrals is: If f is a function continuous on the closed interval [a, b], and   is a partition of that interval, and , then The left side of the definition is, of course, any Riemann sum for the function f on the interval [a,…

Good Question 11 – Riemann Reversed

Good Question 11 – or not.    The question below appears in the new Course and Exam Description (CED) for AP Calculus (CED, p. 54), and has caused some questions since it is not something included in most textbooks and has not appeared on recent exams. The question gives a Riemann sum and asks for the definite…

Graphing Integrals

The fifth in the Graphing Calculator / Technology series The topic of integration is coming up soon. Here are some notes and ideas about the integration operation on graphing calculators. The entries are the same or very similar for all calculator brands. The basic problem of evaluating a definite integral on a graphing calculator is done…