# Polar Equations for AP Calculus

A recent thread on the AP Calculus Community bulletin boards concerned polar equations. One teacher observed that her students do not have a very solid understanding of polar graphs when they get to calculus. I expect this is a common problem. While ideally the polar coordinate system should be a major topic in pre-calculus course,…

# Area and Volume Problems (Type 4)

AP Type Questions 4: Area and Volume Given equations that define a region in the plane students are asked to find its area, the volume of the solid formed when the region is revolved around a line, and/or the region is used as a base of a solid with regular cross-sections. This standard application of…

# 2019 CED Unit 8: Applications of Integration

This unit seems to fit more logically after the opening unit on integration (Unit 6). The Course and Exam Description (CED) places Unit 7 Differential Equations before Unit 8 probably because the previous unit ended with techniques of antidifferentiation. My guess is that many teachers will teach Unit 8: Applications of Integration immediately after Unit…

# Type 4 Questions: Area and Volume Problems

Given equations that define a region in the plane students are asked to find its area, the volume of the solid formed when the region is revolved around a line, and/or the region is used as a base of a solid with regular cross-sections. This standard application of the integral has appeared every year since…

# Applications of Integration – Area & Average Value

Usually the first application of integration is to find the area bounded by a function and the x-axis, followed by finding the area between two functions. We begin with these problems First some calculator hints Graphing Integrals using a graphing calculator to graph functions defined by integrals Graphing Calculator Use  and Definition Integrals – Exam…

# Applications of integrals, part 1: Areas & Average Value

Usually the first application of integration is to find the area bounded by a function and the x-axis, followed by finding the area between two functions. We begin with these problems First some calculator hints Graphing Integrals using a graphing calculator to graph functions defined by integrals Graphing Calculator Use  and Definition Integrals – Exam…

# Who’d a thunk it?

Cubic Symmetry Some things are fairly obvious. For example, if you look at the graphs of a few cubic equations, you might think that each is symmetric to a point and on closer inspection the point of symmetry is the point of inflection. This is true and easy to prove. You can find the point…